DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20184222

Morbidity profile of paediatric otorhinolaryngological disorders in a rural teaching hospital

M. Mohamed Anwar, A. Jesudoss, P. G. Sowmya, P. Thirumalaikolundusubramanian, M. Ismail

Abstract


Background: Otorhinolaryngological disorders are more common among children and timely intervention is essential. These disorders variy from one geographical area to another and also differs among different community and age groups. The present study was aimed to assess the different otolorhinolarygological disorders among paediatric age groups.

Methods: This retrospective study was conducted in a rural tertiary care teaching hospital for a period of two years. Data were collected from case sheets and then classified, tabulated and statistically analyzed.  

Results: Among the otorhinolarygological disorders in children, otological, nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal disorders were 73.67%, rhinological 7.31%, oropharhngeal 5.58% and oral cavity was 4.1% morbidity profile differed among male and female children.

Conclusions: Otologic, nasopharyngeal and its associated disorders reported more among the children in this rural area Variations among gender, age and seasonality were noticed.


Keywords


Morbidity, Otorhinolaryngological, Associated disorders

Full Text:

PDF

References


Chaudhuri A, Chaudhuri KC. Studies on the morbidity pattern of children in an urban community. A Preliminary report. Indian J Pediatr. 1962;29:145-52.

Hamid A, Sattar F, Shah-e-Din. Prevalence rate and morbidity pattern of common ENT Diseases and disorders in infants and children. JPMI. 1991;5(2):59-67.

Kvaerner KJ, Nafstad P, Jaakkola JJ. Upper Respiratory Morbidity in the Pre School Children. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2000;126:1201-6.

Kishve SP, Kumar N, Kishve PS, Syed MMA, Kalakoti P. Ear Nose and Throat disorders in paeditric patients at a rural hospital in India. AMJ. 2010;3(12):786-90.

Kitcher ED, Jangu A, Baidoo K. Emergency Ear Nose and Throat admissions at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital. Ghana Medical J. 2007;41(1):9-11.

Mukherjee A, Haldar D, Dutta S, Dutta M, Saha J, Sinha R. Ear, nose and throat foreign bodies in children: A search for socio-demographic correlates. Int J Pediatric Otorhinolaryngol. 2011;75:510-2.

Available at: censusindia.gov.in/vital_statistics/ SRS_Report/9Chap%202%20-%202011.pdf. Assessed on 17 August 2018.

Sharma K, Battacharia D, Barman H, Ch SG. Common Ear, Nose, and Throat Problems in PediatricAge Group Presenting to the Emergency Clinic –Prevalence and Management: A Hospital-Based Study. Indian J Clin Pract. 2014;24(8):756-60.

Shah VR, Lodha N, Patel B, Koringa H, Patel M, Bhatnagar N, Parmar D. Assessment of Ear Nose and Throat morbidities prevalent in the school going children aged 5-14 years in rural area of Jamnagar. J Res Med Den Sci. 2014;2(4):71-4.

Adhikari P, Kharel B, Ma J, Baral DR, Pandey T, Rija R, Sharma H. Pattern of Otological Diseases in School Going Children of Kathmandu Valley. Intl Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2008;12(4):502-5.

Singh A, Kumar S. Survey of ear, nose and throat disorders in rural India Indian. J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010;62(2):121–4.

Surapaneni H, Sisodia SS. Incidence of ear, nose and throat disorders in children: a study in a teaching hospital in Telangana. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;2:26-9.

Kishve SP, Kumar N, Kishve PS, Syed MMA, Kalakoti P. Ear Nose and Throat disorders in paediatric patients at a rural hospital in India. AMJ. 2010;3(12):786-790

Maharjan M, Bhandari S, Singh I, Mishra SC. Prevalence of otitis media in school going children in Eastern Nepal. Kathmandu Univ Med J. 2006;4(16):479-82.