DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20184692

Foreign bodies in esophagus: our experiences

A. G. Naveen Kumar

Abstract


Background: Foreign bodies in esophagus come as an emergency to otolaryngologist and needs to be removed at the earliest to prevent complications. The objective was to share our experience with esophageal foreign bodies removal in Sapthagiri Institute of Medical Science and Research Centre, Bangalore, India.

Methods: Study of 84 patients admitted with the final diagnosis of esophageal foreign body during September 2011 – September 2018, for sex, age, diagnosis on admission, estimated duration and site of impaction, type and number of foreign body removed.  

Results: Over 7 years period, 84 patients (48 males and 36 females) of different ages, youngest being 02 years and oldest being 92 years were admitted with the diagnosis of esophageal foreign body. Fifty percent of patients were five years or less in age at the time of admission. 32.1% were between 5 to 14 years and 17.9% were between the age range of 60-92 years. Seven patients (2.9%) had a history of esophageal anomalies requiring operation. Different types of foreign bodies ingested most common being coin. Majority of foreign bodies (75/84, 89.2%) were located in the post cricoid and upper esophagus followed by the mid-esophagus, and only 3 cases involved the lower esophagus.

Conclusions: The most common foreign bodies in children are coin and toys. Sharp foreign bodies are difficult remove but need to be removed carefully at the earliest to prevent dreaded complications like - retropharyngeal abscess and mediastinitis. Loose fitting dentures are common foreign body in elderly patients.


Keywords


Esophageal foreign body, Children, Rigid esophagoscopy, Coin, Sharp foreign bodies

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