DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20194924

A prospective analysis of vitamin D and recurrent benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

N. Gopinathan Pillai, Induvarsha Gopinath

Abstract


Background: The aim of the present study was to prospectively evaluate the role of vitamin D in the recurrence of Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). The BPPV is one of the commonest causes for peripheral vertigo. Many studies stated that BPPV can be associated with many co-morbidities and vitamin deficiencies.

Methods: In our study, we prospectively conducted an observational study in patients suffering from BPPV, from a study period of June 2015 to June 2018, to evaluate the role of vitamin D and calcium in those patients.

Results: Three forty eight patients between the age group of 40 to 82 years, suffering from BPPV were included in the study. It includes 235 females and 113 male patients. Out of these 108 patients had noticed vitamin D deficiency and were randomly divided into 2 groups in which group A received Vitamin D supplementation and Group B did not received vitamin D supplements. Calcium levels were found to be less in 15 patients between 7 and 10.5 mg/dl, however a larger sample is required for its correlation. All patients were followed up for 1 year.

Conclusions: The study showed a significant decrease of BPPV in those who received vitamin D supplementation.


Keywords


Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, Vitamin D, Calcium, Recurrence

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