DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20194923

Comparative study of cartilage tympanoplasty with temporalis fascia tympanoplasty

Raghav Mehta, Pradeep Patidar, Mohit Punjabi, Mukesh Dagur, Sudhanshu Pandey

Abstract


Background: The aim of our study is comparison of effectiveness of cartilage (conchal or tragal) tympanoplasty with temporalis fascia tympanoplasty in terms of graft uptake and audiological outcomes. Help of following databases were taken: MEDLINE, emedicine, Google scholar, and the PubMed.

Methods: We studied the outcome of two different type of graft material (cartilage and temporalis fascia). Who underwent type 1 tympanoplasty at department of otorhinolaryngology, RUHS College of Medical Sciences, Jaipur from November 2015 to November 2018. Total 80 patients were divided in two groups, 40 patients underwent cartilage grafting while 40 patient’s tympanoplasty was done using temporalis fascia graft.  

Results: The successful graft uptake rate for the fascia group was 90%, and that for the cartilage group was 97.5%. Though initial audiological improvements were better in fascia graft group, long term results were similar in both groups.

Conclusions: The use of cartilage tympanoplasty has similar outcomes to temporalis fascia grafting for audiological purpose. But successful uptake rate is better for cartilage as it is elastic, more resistant to resorption and retraction from more negative middle ear pressure.


Keywords


Cartilage, Temporalis fascia, Tympanoplasty

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