DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20200625

A study on efficacy of injection of intratympanic dexamethasone in treatment of sudden sensorineural hearing loss

Srirangaprasad K., Vinay Kumar V., Pruthvi Raj S.

Abstract


Background: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is a common otologic emergency which occurs due to various etiologies affecting the inner ear. Majority of treatment protocols are focussed on glucocorticoids either systemically or through intratympanic route due to their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

Methods: This was a pre and post observational clinical study conducted in patients visiting Rajarajeswari medical college between December 2015 to December 2016 with a history of sudden hearing loss (30 patients). 6 of these patients presented with bilateral hearing loss, and we considered each ear as a separate case, giving us a total of 36 cases. A diagnosis of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss was made based on the patient’s history and audiological evaluation. All the patients were treated with 3 doses of Intratympanic injections of Dexamethasone (4 mg/ml), on alternate days. Pure tone audiometry (PTA) and brain stem evoked response audiometry (BERA) was done pre-treatment, at 1 and 6 months after treatment.  

Results: Mean age of our patients was 44.8. 80% of our patients were male. The average PTA gain, 1 month after treatment was 27.917 and 6 months after treatment was 29.639 with a p value of <0.001, which correlated with BERA. At the end of 6 months after treatment, 15 cases had complete recovery (41.7%), 9 cases showed slight recovery (25%), 6 cases had marked recovery and 6 cases (16.7%) had no recovery.

Conclusions: Intratympanic dexamethasone injections can be used as the first line of treatment with minimal side effects. 


Keywords


Intratympanic injection, Dexamethasone, Sudden sensorineural hearing loss

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References


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