DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20200037

Application of injection Kenacort, intradermal route in oral submucous fibrosis

Manjunath K., Amardeep Singh, Manjunatha Rao S. V.

Abstract


Background: Oral submucous fibrosis is a potentially pre-malignant disease, that results in progressive juxta-epithelial fibrosis of oral soft tissues, resulting in increased loss of tissue mobility, marked rigidity and inability to open the mouth. Actual treatment includes iron, multi vitamins, lycopene, pentoxifyline, steroid injections and human placental extracts. Currently available treatment with intradermal injection of Kenacort with hyaluronidase is effective to some extent.

Methods: This study was conducted at Basaveshwara Medical College and Hospital, Research Centre, Chitradurga, Karnataka, in the Otorhinolaryngology Department from February 2019 to August 2019 for 6 months duration. A total of 40 patients were included in this study. Mouth opening was recorded from baseline to 6 weeks. Cases were followed up for 6 months thereafter. Patients with positive history of chewing of betel-nuts, pan, gutkha and age from 18-50 years males and females were included in this study. Patients undergoing any surgery, allergic conditions, age more than 50 years were excluded. Mouth opening was assessed by objective type and subjective type.

Results: There was significant increase in mouth opening in patients after administration of intra-dermal Kenacort injection and oral lycopene. The results were statistically significant and patients responded better and p value <0.001.

Conclusions: Management of moderate oral submucous fibrosis should include counselling of patients along with oral lycopene with intradermal injection of Kenacort with hyaluronidase, is highly efficacious and cost- effective in improving the mouth opening and reducing other symptoms in patients with OSMF, whereas advanced stages should be treated surgically.


Keywords


Pre-malignant conditions, Oral submucous fibrosis, Lycopene, Kenacort, Hyaluronidase

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