DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20204428

A study into the clinicopathological profile of patients with voice change

Baneesh A. B., Dhanya T., Jinsha A.

Abstract


Background: Hoarseness is a symptom used to describe change in normal quality of voice and is usually described as harsh, grating voice which can be lower in pitch and more or less discordant.

Methods: The present study was carried out on 160 patients in the Department of ENT in PKDIMS over a period of 2 years from 2018 March to 2020 March. All patients with a history of voice change were evaluated.  

Results: 160 patients between the age group of 21- 80 years were studied. The number of males and females were 97 (61%) and 63 (39%) respectively. Laborers (32%) and housewives (21%) are the major group affected. Smoking (25%) was the most common predisposing factor followed by alcohol consumption (21%). Voice change can be due to various pathologies. In the present study the most common etiology for voice change was vocal nodules (23%) followed by chronic laryngitis (13%), growth in the pharynx and larynx (11%).

Conclusions: Voice is important for our communication. Any disturbance in voice affects the individual’s social and personal life. Treatment depends on the individuals needs and their diagnosis. Drug therapy, voice therapy, microlaryngeal surgery are the various treatment modalities done for our patients.


Keywords


Vocal nodule, Larynx, Pharynx

Full Text:

PDF

References


Johns MM, Sataloff RT, Merati AL, Rosen CA. Shortfalls of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery's Clinical practice guideline: Hoarseness (Dysphonia). Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010;143(2):175-7.

Loyn SB. Doctor my voice seems husky. Aust Fam Physician. 1994;23:2111–9.

Bansal, Mohan. Diseases of Ear, Nose and Throat. India, Jaypee Brothers, Medical Publishers Pvt. Limited, 2012: 509-510.

Smit CF, van Leeuwen JA, Mathus-Vliegen LM, Devriese PP, Semin A, Tan J, et al. Gastropharyngeal and gastroesophageal reflux in globus and hoarseness. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2000;126(7):827-30.

Garrett CG, Ossoff RH. Hoarseness. Med Clin North Am. 1999;83(1):115–23.

Kambic V, Radsel Z, Zargi M, Acko M. Vocal cord polyps: incidence, histology and pathogenesis. J Laryngeal Otol. 1981;95:609–18.

Banjara H, Mungutwar V, Singh D, Gupta A. Hoarseness of voice: a retrospective study of 251 Cases. Int J Phonosurg Larungol. 2011;1(1):21–7.

Mehta AS. An etiological study of hoarseness of voice. A thesis submitted for master of surgery (Otorhinolaryngology), Gujarat University. 1985.

Deshmukh. Clinical study of hoarseness of voice. A thesis submitted for master of surgery (Otorhinolaryngology), Gujarat University. 1976.

Parikh N. Aetiology study of 100 cases of hoarseness of voice. Ind J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1991;43(2):71–3.

Baitha S, Raizada RM, Kennedy Singh AK, Puttewar MP, Chaturvedi VN. Clinical profile of hoarsens of voice. Ind J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2002;54(1):14–8.

Pal KS, Kaushal AK, Nagpure PS, Agarwal G. Etiopathological study of 100 patients of hoarseness of voice: in a rural based hospital. Ind J Otolaryngol Hea Nec Surg. 2014;66(1):40-5.

Soni S, Chouksey S. A study of Clinicopathological Profile of Ptients of Hoarseness of Voice Presenting to Tertiary Care hospital. Ind J Otolaryngol Head Necj Surg. 2017;69(2):244-7.

Batra K, Motwani G, Sagar PC. Functional voice disorders and their occurrence in 100 patients of hoarseness as seen on fibreoptic laryngoscopy. Ind J Otolaryngol Hea Nec Surg. 2004;56(2):91–5.

Smullen JL, Lejeune FE. Otolaryngologic manifestations of gastro esophageal reflux disease. J La State Med Soc. 1999;151(3):115-9.

Gregory ND, Chandran S, Lurie D, Sataloff RT. Voice disorders in the elderly. J Voice. 2012;26(2):254-8.

Gupta A, Jamwal PS. Clinical Study of 100 cases of Hoarseness of Voice: a hospital-based study. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;4(6):1355-8.

Vengala RR, Kapilavaya N, Suraneni VR. Evaluation of Clinical Profile and Etiopathology for Hoarseness of Voice- A study of 146 cases. Int J Med Res Rev. 2015;3(2)167-73.

Kumar H, Seth S. Clinicopathological Profile Of Hoarseness of Voice. J Otolaryngol. 2010;13(1):4102.

Gosh SK, Chattopadhyay S, Bora H, Mukherjee PB. Micro laryngoscopic study of 100 cases of hoarseness of voice. Ind J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2001;53(4):270-2.