DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20205653

The human larynx physiological and pathophysiological aspects

Manish Munjal, Shubham Munjal, Kanwarpreet Sadhu, Vidushi Gupta, Hem Lata Badyal, Joginder Sidhu, Garima Sharma, Roop Harnoor Kaur

Abstract


In this era of minimally invasive surgical intervention s, the knowledge of the physiology and pathophysiology of the larynx is vital to the laryngologist.  The conventional procedure of laryngeal surgery has been superseded by functional micro-laryngeal surgery whereby now the emphasis is not on removing the pathology but reverting the function of the larynx. The surgical intervention is at the superficial mucosal level only. The physiology and patho-physiology of the larynx needs introspection.  


Keywords


Larynx, Physiology, Pathophysiology, Micro-laryngeal surgery

Full Text:

PDF

References


Mathieson L, Carding P. Physiology of larynx. Scott Brown's Otorhinolaryngology-head and neck surgery. 7th Ed 2008; 2:164/2155-63.

Green JH, Neil E. The respiratory function of the laryngeal muscles. J Physiol. 1955;129(1):134.

Fink BR, Demarest RJ. Respiratory folding. Laryng Biomechan. 1978:15-44.

Rattenborg C. Laryngeal regulation of respiration. Acta Anaesthesiol Scandin. 1961;5(3):129-40.

Weiss DA. Discussion of the neurochronaxic theory (Husson). Arch Otolaryngol. 1959;70(5):607-18.

Farnsworth DW. High-speed motion picture of the human vocal cords. Bell Lab Record. 1940;18:203-8.

Smith S. Remarks on the physiology of the vibrations of the vocal cords. Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica. 1954; 6(3):166-78.

Van den Berg J. Myoelastic-aerodynamic theory of voice production. J Speech Hear Res. 1958;1(3):227-44.

Maran AGD. Logan Turner's disease of nose, throat, ear, 10th Ed. 1988.

Kotby MN, Haugen LK. The mechanics of laryngeal function. Acta oto-laryngologica. 1970;70(3):203-11.

Hollien H, Curtis JF. A laminagraphic study of vocal pitch. J Speech Hear Res. 1960;3(4):361-71.

Hirano M, Bless DM. Video stroboscopic examination of the larynx. 1993.

Titze IR, Jiang JJ, Hsiao TY. Measurements of mucosal wave propagation and vertical phase difference in vocal fold vibration. J Acoust Soc Am. 1992;91(4):2420.

Nasri S, Sercarz JA, Berke GS. Noninvasive measurement of traveling wave velocity in the canine larynx. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1994;103(10):758-66.

Noordzij JP, Ossoff RH. Anatomy and physiology of the larynx. Otolaryngologic Clinics Nor Am. 2006;39(1):1-0.

Bastian RW. Benign vocal fold mucosal disorders. Cummings, CW et al.-Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery, Mosby. 1998.