DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20211565

Prevalence and impact of allergic rhinitis in school going children

Sucheta Gupta, Vinod Gupta, Akhil Gupta

Abstract


Background: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a chronic inflammatory disorder affecting the nasal mucosa. There is negative impact of AR on several aspects of day to day living and quality of life (QoL), which include: daily functioning, sleep, absenteeism, school productivity and academic performance. Almost 40% of children are being affected by AR.

Method: An observational study was conducted on randomly selected 100 parents of school going children aging 2 to 15 years, attending OPD in community health center, Chenani, district Udhampur, J and K, for a period of one year from June 2018 to Nov 2018. Children having frequent episodes of allergic rhinitis were enquired about their history of sneezing, runner itchy nose and eyes, thick mucus, nasal blockage or breathless with associated symptoms were selected.

Results: 81% of subjects had a worse problem during specific months of the year; and 67% had itchy-watery eyes. In 15% of subjects, AR impacted daily activities. A prevalence of 28% for nasal symptoms and 14% for allergic rhino-conjunctivitis was found. Study also showed significantly higher proportion of blockers (61%) than sneeze runners (39%). 56% children had one or more co morbidity, whereas 44% had ‘nil’ co-morbidities. The most common allergens were: pollens (grass, trees and weeds), house dust mites, pets, molds, fungi and food.

Conclusions: AR adversely affects quality of life of patients and furthermore studies should be conducted for more clarity on the subject, besides a timely medical intervention and treatment could possibly avoid the rising morbidity associated with the disease.


Keywords


Allergic rhinitis, Sneeze runners, Blockers, Quality of life, Nasal symptoms, Rhino-conjunctivitis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Skoner DP. Allergic rhinitis: Definition, epidemiology, pathology, detection and diagnosis. Allergy Clin Immunol. 2001;108:S2-8.

Leow SK, Griva K, Choo R, Wee LH, Tai SE, Newmann S. Determinants of health-related quality of life in the multiethnic Singapore population-A national cohort study. Plos one. 2013;8(6):e67138.

Blaiss MS, Hammer by E, Robinson S. the burden of allergic rhinitis and allergic rhinoconjuctivitis in adolescents; a literature review. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2018;121:43-52.

Berenguer C, Bailxuli I, Gomez S, Maria A, Simona S, Exploring the impact of Augmented Reality in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. A systematic review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17:6143.

Felix M, Vera Paz C, Mata VL, Vanegas E, Linemann D, Ruserio NA et al. Perception and management of allergic rhinitis among ecvadovian otorhinolaryngologist: A Survey based study. J Multidrop Health. 2020;21:435-48.

Asher MI, Keil U, Anderson HR. International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC): rationale and methods. Eur Respir J. 1995;8:483-91.

Prasad R, Kumar R. Allergy situation in India: what is being done? Indian J chest dis allied Sci. 2013;55:7-8.

Varshney J, Varshney. Allergic rhinitis: an overview. Indian J otolayngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;67(2):143-9.

Deb A, Mukherjee S, Saha BK, Sarkar BS, Pal J, Pandy et al. profile of patients with allergic rhinitis: a clinic based cross sectional study from Kolkata, India. J Clin Diagn Resp. 2014;8(1):67-70.

Chandrika D. Allergic rhinitis in India: an overview. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;3:1-6.

Pherwani A, Mankekar G, Chavan K, Periera C, Bansode G. The study of comorbid conditions in adults with allergic rhinitis from Mumbai, Maharashtra, India and their comparison with children. Ind J otolryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009;61(1):5-8.

Sharma D, Dutta BK, Singh AB. Prevalence of allergic diseases in humid tropical climate of south Assam, India. Global J immunol allergic dis. 2014;2:1-10.